top of page


There is a wide variation in the degree of dental health in pets.

Dental disease can be put into four categories: tartar, gingivitis, pyorrhea and periodontitis.

TARTAR is the accumulation of plaque that has hardened on your pet’s teeth, usually starting at the gum line and often causing gingivitis.


GINGIVITIS is inflammation of your pet’s gums. The gums may be irritated, inflamed or infected.  You can easily see this by the increase in the pinkness of your pet's gums, especially at the gum line.  The gingiva may recede, allowing your pet’s tooth root to be exposed.  The gingiva may be hyperplastic,  a condition where too much gum tissue has developed.


PYORRHEA is very serious. It is infection in the mouth, usually between teeth and gums.  This infection usually causes periodontitis, which is loss of bone that holds the teeth.  Pyorrhea and Periodontitis go hand in hand and may damage your pet’s heart, liver, kidneys and lungs caused by the body’s continual exposure to the infected mouth



Step 1. A pre-anesthesia blood screen will be completed.*

Like you, our greatest concern while your pet is here is his/her well being.  Before putting your pet under anesthesia, we will perform a pre-anesthetic analysis.  Not all conditions are readily detected by a general physical examination. This includes some congenital (present at birth) problems.  Since dental disease can lead to kidney, liver, lung and/or heart disease, it is important to objectively evaluate your pets internal organ systems. By completing a pre-anesthetic panel, we can evaluate your pet’s kidney and liver function, as well as the number of different cell types and levels of electrolytes to insure your pet’s ability to undergo anesthesia as safely as possible  This also allows us a baseline of what to obtain as normal in your pet. If your pet is ever sick, we can compare it to your pet’s actual normal values.

  • Preanesthetic blood work is not mandatory until 7 yrs - highly recommended

  • Patients  - 6 yrs - highly recommended

  • Patients - 7yrs

  • Preferably, pre-anesthetic blood work is done up to one week before scheduled procedure so that any abnormalities can be addressed. If any significant abnormalities are detected on the blood work we will contact you to discuss further diagnostics. This may postpone your pet’s dental procedure.

Please refer to the preanesthetic testing brochure for more details.


Step 2. We will perform a pre-anesthetic physical exam.

We will listen for heart murmurs or arrhythmias. We will listen to your pet’s lungs. We will alert you if any irregularities exist. If so, further diagnostics may be recommended and the dental procedure may be postponed.*


Step 3. Anesthesia

Once we determine your pet is ready for anesthesic, your pet will be sedated with an injectable  medication. This injection will be chosen specifically for your pet and helps sedate your pet, reduces stress, and offers pain control.

Step 4. An intravenous (IV) catheter is placed and IV fluids started.

Intravenous catheters allow us to administer medications quickly, safely, and comfortably. Fluids are administered through the catheter to help maintain blood pressure to support organ health and function during anesthesia.


Step 5. General anesthesia is induced.

The heart and breathing will be monitored. We use anesthetic protocols designed to be as safe as possible and are specific to your pet’s needs.  Our anesthetic protocol includes pain control. We have state-of-the-art instrumentation to minimize time needed for extractions.


Step 6. Acupuncture needles are placed for points associated with mouth pain.


Step 7. An oral exam will be performed.


Step 8. We will scale and polish all your pet’s teeth. The scaling removes plaque, tartar and calculus while the polishing smooths the microscopic grooves that trap bacteria.


Step 9. We will ‘probe’ around each tooth to determine if there is any periodontal disease. We will go around each tooth to make sure no deep pockets are found.  Pockets can be a breeding ground for bacteria which can cause bone loss.  If the pockets around the tooth are extremely large  we may extract the tooth.  If there are teeth with moderate pockets we may apply an antibiotic gel 

called Doxirobe Gel. Once applied this will provide appropriate antibiotics directly to the gum line for an extended time


Step 10. We will extract any tooth we feel is diseased or causing pain.*

Extracting teeth requires time, instrumentation and skill.  Only the doctor will extract teeth. The cost of this service is based on the time it takes. We have state-of-the-art instrumentation to minimize time needed for extractions.



Step 11. We will treat gum disease if indicated.*

Occasionally a gingivectomy is performed to remove  excess gum tissue that may be a source of pain for your pet. If tissue looks questionable, we will recommend biopsy. Most cases are benign, but biopsy is the only way to rule out a malignant cancerous growth.


Step 12. We will apply an antibacterial rinse to the teeth.


Step 13. Additional pain medication(s) will be administered if needed.*

Pain medication will be used and prescribed if teeth are extracted, a gingivectomy has been  performed, or under any circumstance in which your pet may be painful.


Step 14. An antibiotic may be prescribed.*

Many factors will be considered as to whether your pet should be on oral antibiotics. Since many pets will have gingivitis or worse, these pets will be prescribed a systemic orally administered antibiotic.


Step 15. We offer a selection of products for home care.*

We recommend daily dental hygiene for your pet to help prevent the need for professional dental treatment. This should be enjoyable for both of you.  Products range from complete brushing kits to rinses and chews. Please ask a technician about any of our dental products and how to best use them.


Heading Home.

Most pets wake up minutes after procedures are completed. We provide warmth during and after anesthesia, to prevent the body from cooling and keep your pet's comfortable as possible.  With our protocol, our pets remain sedate and relaxed until later, by design. Most pets are relatively ‘bouncy’ by the time they go home. Since sensitivities vary to anesthesia and sedation, some pets may 

continue to be more sedate than normal for 24 hours.


*Additional charge for service/product



bottom of page